In early 2018 I was contacted by Inderjit Singh Mann from Abu Dhabi regarding an old frame from Sachkhand Sri Hazur Sahib which is situated in the main complex. The frame houses the main painting depicting the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh Ji. The painting of Guru Gobind Singh ji was painted by Hari Singh from Amritsar (circa 1900) who created many masterpieces including a painting of Rabindranath Tagore which presently resides at the Parliment House. The ornate frame was carved out of wood and had become worn and warped over the years due to excessive heat and wear. Inderjit Singh expressed a desire to take on this seva(service) and enlisted my expertise in creating an accurate replica of the frame.
As the original frame was severely warped and damaged we decided that the best way forward would be to replace the frame in its entirety whilst maintaining the original features.
Stage one of the process was to 3D scan the original frame, which was carried out by a local company in India. Once it was scanned and I received the 3D model it became apparent that there was extensive damage to the details due to wear and tear.
My role involved taking accurate measurements from the scan and recreating a base frame that matched the original with the warp corrected. I then remodelled the beading and linear pattern details using the non damaged parts of the scan as a reference.
Thereafter I focused on the ornate flower detail work of the frame. I carefully extracted each detail section and projected them back onto the new base that I had built. It became apparent that the initial scan failed to extract the sharper details of the carving. I brought back the detail by digitally re-sculpting the detail back into each section. This part of the process was extremely time consuming and difficult.
Additional details were requested by Inderjit Singh and Baba Kulwant Singh ji. Primarily some weapons and the hawk of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. in addition to this, semi precious stones were embedded to represent individual sacrifices of martyrs from Sikh History.
The Forty semi precious stones on all the corners of the frame symbolise the bravery of the 40 Muktas. The stones used are all 13 mm in diameter and ar agate, amber, coral, coralina, lapis, malachite, quartz and torquoise. A 54 carat freshly mined and cut stone fixed at bottom is in the memory of Mata Bhago Ji.
It has Four Lioness on each inner corner showcasing the power and strength of Mata Gujri Ji , Mata Jeeto Ji , Mata Sundri Ji and Mata Sahib Devan Ji. In each of the lioness’ mouths are placed four precious 52 carat stones in memory of the 4 sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the sahibzadey – Baba Ajit Singh Ji , Baba Jujhar Singh Ji , Baba Zorawar Singh Ji , Baba Fateh Singh Ji. To represent the Panj Pyarey we have two chaur sahibs, a spear (barshi), a sword (sri sahib) and an arrow.
The frame also has a hawk and horse on the each side both of which were very close to guru Gobind Singh jis heart. The mother pearls around the frame are like a Blanket of Protection “Hind Di Chadar” calm and pious and represents the bravery and sacrifice of Guru Teg Bahadur Ji
Once the Digital Model was approved it was sent to a manufacturer in Italy who then produced the frame from a composite of brass and copper with a gold plated finish. the final Frame weighed in at 140kg. It was installed in the shrine during the Guru Nanak Gurpurb celebrations in November 2018.
The project was a fascinating insight into how 3D technologies can be used to restore and recreate historic relics. I am thankful to Bhai Inderjit Singh ji from Abu Dhabi and Jathedar Baba Kulwant Singh Ji under whose supervision the seva was undertaken. The frame was paid for by the kind donations of Bibi Maninder Kaur Bedi. Additional thanks to the Sachkhand Board and special Thanks to the efforts put in by Bhai Jatinder Singh Ji.
Hazur Sahib, also known as Abchal Nagar, is one of the five takhts (“thrones”, seats of temporal authority) in Sikhism. It is located on the banks of the River Godavari at the city of Nanded in the state of Maharashtra, Western India. The gurudwara within the complex is known as Sach-Khand (Realm of Truth).
The structure is built at the place where Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Guru’s encampment was. The inner room of the gurdwara is called the Angitha Sahib and is built over the place where Guru Gobind Singh was cremated in 1708 and holds ancient relics belonging to the tenth master. The gurdwara was built between 1832 and 1837 by order of Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji (1780–1839)
In September 2018, representatives of the Atam Academy School inquired about creating a bespoke Khanda design for their Nishaan Sahib that would be unveiled at an opening ceremony on 13th October 2018.
The Khanda is a traditional representation of the double edged broad sword, which has particular significance due its use in the traditional Sikh Baptism Ceremony.
In recent times the khanda used on most Sikh institutions have been cheaply mass produced and of poor quality.
As I am an antique weapons enthusiast I suggested a design that better resembles traditional weapons of the 18th century but with a modern elegant design. The school representatives liked the idea. I produced a few different concept designs in 3D.
This was the first iteration of the design I came up with
The second alternate design added some handle guard style flourishes to each side of the khanda and this was the design they ultimately fell in love with.
Once the design was agreed we discussed the potential material and cost implications of producing the khanda. initially we agreed to have the part CNC milled in metal with an anodised coating, which proved to be not only costly but time consuming as well. Another issue was that we didn’t have accurate measurements of the pole attachment, so it did not make sense to spend a significant amount of money on a part that we could not guarantee would fit perfectly. compounding the issue was the fact that there wer enot many companies in the UK that could produce the part on time. The other method that was discussed was to 3D print the insignia in plastic and then coat it with a metallic finish. This seemed to be the most viable way to produce the part in the short time we had, even if it was just a temporary measure for the opening ceremony.
As most common 3D Printers I had access to have small build volumes the part had to be split into 4 parts. I engineered keying joint that would enable the part to be securely reassembled once printed. As the khanda would be installed externally and subject to adverse weather conditions I decided to print the part in ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) plastic filament as opposed to PLA (Polylactic Acid), which is a more common biodegradable filament, due to ABS being more durable and being able to withstand higher temperatures. The parts took 38 hours to print in total.
Epoxy adhesive was used to attach the parts and gaps were filled using common wood filler. The parts were printed using FDM printing, which is the process of melting a 1.75mm of abs plastic wire through a nozzle into layers of 0.2 mm. This meant that the parts had a visible protruding line where the layers have been melted on top of each other. These striations on the surface needed to be sanded out to ensure a smooth realistic finish. the sanding process was the most laborious and time consuming task, due it having to be done manually by hand. I used a high grit rough sand paper and then worked my way down to lower and smoother grit sandpaper.
Once assembled and primed I explored various options for the surface finish. We decided on using metallic paint often used by car enthusiasts. Common sprays only give the impression of metal but these paints have actual metal in the paint giving them a durable finish and even a magnetic property.
I had a few problems with the flourish designs, they were too thin and kept breaking off. I secured them in the end using a drill and dowel joints to secure the armatures. I am working on a new prototype that will make the structure of the flourish design stronger. I am also working on making them modular so they could potentially be swapped out for different handle designs or replaced easily if broken.
I felt privileged to be asked to design the Khanda for the Atam Academy School Nishaan Sahib. It was a pleasure to do and lovely to meet all the dedicated sevadars making the school happen.
I really believe that we need to start putting the same love, care and attention into the design of our cultural artefacts as was the case in our early history, when things were not cheaply mass produced. I commend the Atam Academy for taking the effort and time to create something that we can all be proud of.
A 3D Printed sculpture of shaheed Bhai Fauja Singh ji who was martyred alongside 12 other Singh’s in 1978 while peacefully protesting against corrupt Nirankari cult leaders, who were inciting religious hatred against Sikhs. When reaching the protest area Bhai Fauja Singh’s Jatha was attacked by cult followers who had prepared stones and bottles of acid. Bhai Fauja Singh and his band of brothers saw no other option but to fight back. They fought bravely and on receiving a gunshot wound to the eye Bhai Fauja Singh tied his turban around his eye and carried on fighting to the end
I wanted to create a sculpture that would show his strength and show him in his gatka pose as he was an avid practitioner of Sikh Martial Arts. A true saint soldier – respect and love to Bhai Fauja Singh !
I have also created these two rendered wallpapers for download – feel free to share and use them on your computers, laptops or mobile phones. Click on the following links to open the wallpaper in your browser and then you can download.
last year I was approached by the Sikh Museum Initiative (SMI) and commissioned to produce a series of interactive 3D exhibits for an exhibition that was exploring the history surrounding the Anglo Sikh Wars that took place in 1845. The exhibition would take place at Newarke Houses Museum in Leicester from 11th March to 4th June 2017 and include a series of 7 expert lectures, outreach events and children’s activity sessions.
My role in the project included working with the SMI team to design the layout of the exhibition space as well as the initial branding and marketing material. I designed a concept for a logo which was further developed by an amazing artist called Kam Singh Samra from Birmingham, his visual design was not only distinctive but was the linchpin for the whole project.
Use of 3D Visualisation to design the space
It became apparent very early on that designing an exhibition to fit in the physical space is very difficult, especially when you are going to be doing most of the work remotely. Therefore in our first visit to the Newarke Houses Museum, the rooms were surveyed to ensure accurate measurements. Read More
Taran3D joined with the Sikh Museums Initiative to recreate one of the 4 Charaina (Body Armour plates) of Guru Gobind Singh ji worn by him in the battle of Bhangani in 1688
The first phase of this project was unveiled at the Third Dasam Granth Seminar in California, USA on 9th April 2016. It featured an interactive digital recreation of one of the 4 armour plates, which features Gurbani from the Akaal Ustat, written by Guru Gobind Singh ji.
“The ability to recreate and share these artefacts in digital form and make them available via modern technology will give future generations of Sikhs access to pieces of history which are either lost or inaccessible”
Taran Singh, 3D Artist
The plate in question is the most damaged of the 4 and missing parts of the pattern were recreated by taking similar sections of the pattern and gurmukhi letters from undamaged parts of the armour.
The whole armour was created from scratch in 3D using low quality catalogue photos. The Gurmukhi was painstakingly hand painted digitally and each component of the gold koftgari pattern was created and then pieced together to make up the full pattern.
We believe given access to the actual artefacts, we could create more accurate and better quality digital representations that can be used to preserve and educate future generations.
The second phase will involve completing the other 3 plates of armour and creating a touch screen based exhibit.
So I have a new kickstarter project to try and fund the production of this statue of famous 18th century Sikh warrior Garja Singh. Its live on kickstarter now and would be great if you can support it. Press Release for Garja Singh Statue
A 3D model of an indian Sousson Pata short sword, which has an S curved blade and is heavily influenced by the kukhri. I modeled this a few years back and it was a mess. I tried to use it to dress a character I was working on recently so I decided to remodel it and use it to work out a good 3DS max to zbrush workflow for detailing. I have almost cracked this workflow and also found a few gems along the way like the unwrapping in zbrush – which is brilliant by the way. Working all this out took ages as I had to go back and forth so many times but I’m hoping I can replicate the process easily and get it all right in one go.
I worked on this model while doing a game character course with Alex Troufanov who works for ubisoft on the Assassins Creed games. Thoroughly enjoyed the course and learnt so much along the way. All the armor patterns were painted by hand and I used some Punjabi koftgari examples as reference. below is a brief overview of the process we went through
I find the architectural details of Harimandir Sahib (Amritsar)very interesting, so I started to look at some the main elements of the structure here is a 3D model of the most common type of smaller domes which follow the perimeter of the roof.
I like to explore, learn, create and I enjoy what I do.
This blog is my exploration of 3D digital arts and Immersive technologies. Some of the content will relate to the Culture and History of Punjab, games development, Architecture, virtual reality, 3D Animation, PaperCraft and some random stuff I haven't decided on yet.
If you have an interesting project then get in touch